Fintech has seen explosive growth in recent years, and this year alone we have talked about how Open Banking regulations have caught traditional commercial banks off guard, and the sweeping changes happening with the full roll out of AI, Big Data, Hyper-personalisation and so much more that is the latest wave of FinTech start-ups.
Today we want to talk about Freetrade.io – a company we have been watching in recent months, and with an upcoming launch we wanted to help spread the word while taking a closer look at the impact this small start-up will have on current execution only services.
Providing Accessibility to the every-man (or woman)
A long-standing problem for individual novice investors with ambitions of trading stocks and shares has always been the brokerage fees. This barrier to entry is significant, as it forces participants to take position sizes of £10,000+ to be able to effectively recoup the execution fees. This is the fees charged by the broker to execute a buy order, and the fees charged to execute a sell order i.e. a round trip trade of buying, holding and then selling a particular stock.
Here is the breakdown in current fees:
Traditional Full-Service Broker:
Hargreaves & Lansdown: £12 per trade execution totalling £24 per round trip.
Discount Execution Only Broker:
X-O: £6 per trade execution totalling £12 per round trip.
FinTech Mobile-First Startups
Robinhood – Free trade execution & generates profit by collecting interest on the cash left in your brokerage account that is not invested.
Freetrade.io – Free trade execution & generates profits through Alpha subscription service that allows instant trades as opposed to trades being executed at the end of play.
To put this into context, as a new investor who has invested £250 each into four companies.
Company A - £250
Company B - £250
Company C - £250
Company D - £250
From these investments we will need to purchase 1 buy order execution and 1 sell order execution, assuming we are planning to buy a stock, hold a stock, and then sell it at a profit.
The first thing to note is the fees, at £6 per trade this is 8 trades x £6 = £48.
Should we have used H&L, HSBC or similar this would have been 8 trades x £12 = £96.
This highlights that we would need to see gains of between 48 (4.8%) and 96 (9.6%) just to break even and not loose any money.
Considering the best hedge fund managers in the world will not make more than 7-9% per year averaged out, it is incredibly easy to see the overwhelming barriers for a novice investor who is looking to invest around £250 per company. The fees simply kill any reasonable expectations of making a good rate of return on capital invested.
It is true that this scenario has forced many new and inexperienced investors to take position sizes of £5,000 and up in individual companies, which from our experience leads to a distinct lack of diversification and traders taking on more risk than we are, frankly, comfortable with.
This has been the constant trade off – the more a trader is willing to invest per position, the lower (as a %) the commission will be.
In the past we have strongly recommended XO as the broker to use due for new investors, primarily due to its low execution costs. We firmly believe that the fees charged by brokerage firms can make or break investors in the long term, and that’s why cost is important to us.
As we move into the FinTech future, disruptors such as Robinhood have existed for well over a year now but due to its exclusivity to North America, it has been out of reach for those of us in Europe. This is really where Freetrade comes into play, it is by and large the European equivalent of Robinhood, albeit with a tweaked business model (which for what it’s worth, we think is better).
Who are Freetrade.io anyway? A UK alternative to Robinhood
Founded over two years ago in a “tiny London bedroom” by Adam Dodds, former KPMG Manager involved in M&A corporate finance and auditing. Since starting in 2016, Adam has raised over £1.2m to date and currently has a launch date for within the next few months.
This is remarkable progress – and it is noteworthy that Freetrade decided to build in-house the full software stack that supports the backend and behind the scenes technical infrastructure of operating a brokerage.
Looking Ahead: Launch & Beyond
Here at Horizon we really like the business model of Freetrade, it is genuinely free in that dividends are retained by the investor, and as far as I am aware free cash in the account will generate interest (although this is in no way an alternative to savings accounts, and I believe the rate will be much lower).
The only cost to this is having to wait until the end of the trading day for orders to be executed, this will generally result in spending slightly more (or less!) than having an instant trade, but functionality to support stop loss orders will be released at or very soon after the initial launch. We do not see this as an issue for our clients and users as we generally teach financial education from a fundamentals based perspective. Although this could be a major issue for short-term technical traders, the solution for this group of generally veteran traders? The Freetrade Alpha Subscription.
The overall model for generating revenue is from the premium subscription service Alpha. This service provides instant trades of US companies for free, and UK companies at £0.50 per trade. It costs £9.99 a month but will only be readily used by those who trade on extremely short term time horizons.
Horizon is in no way affiliated with the brokerages and financial services mentioned above.
Horizon does not provide investment advice and individual investors should make their own decisions or seek independent advice. The value of investments can go up as well as down and you may receive back less than your original investment.
This article was written by Karl Ahlstedt, Guest Lecturer in Finance at the University of Wales and Founder of The Horizon Institute at https://hioim.com/.